Posts Tagged ‘Ministry of Health Labor and Welfare’

Doctors afraid new fee will reduce customers … er, patients

Sunday, October 30th, 2011

At the end of September the Ministry of Health Labor and Welfare released figures for medical care expenditures in fiscal 2009. Based on national insurance records, Japanese people spent ¥36.67 trillion on medical care that year, a 3.4 percent increase over 2008. That boils down to ¥282,400 for each man, woman or child, which is a 3.6 percent increase over the previous year. Broken down demographically, patients between the ages of 65 and 74 accounted for 55.4 percent of money spent (¥19.94 trillion) and patients 75 and over 32.6 percent (¥11.73 trillion). Per capita, Japanese under 65 spent ¥163,000 for the year, those between 65 and 74 ¥687,000, and those 75 and older ¥855,800. In terms of sources of revenue, 48.6 percent (¥17.5 trillion) came from premiums for both the Kokumin Kenko Hoken (National Health Insurance) and the Kenko Hoken (Employees Health Insurance) systems; 37.5 percent (¥13. 49 trillion) came from national and local taxes; and the remaining 13.9 percent (¥4.99 trillion) came from patients’ pockets.

The kid stays in the picture: JMA ad against proposed ¥100 fee

These amounts were the highest since MHLW started keeping track. Japan’s Gross Domestic Product went down in 2009, but the portion of GDP accounted for by medical care, 7.6 percent, was higher than the previous year’s portion, which means that not only is more money from premiums being spent, but more people are paying out-of-pocket for medical care, since 10-30 percent of a doctor’s and pharmacist’s bill is paid for by the patient. This portion can be extremely large when hospitalization or special treatments are involved, and in many cases where patients’ expenses are exceedingly high (kogaku iryohi) the government will reimburse them depending on their individual incomes. The MHLW has decided that the current pay schedule for this excessive medical expense system is obsolete, and has restructured it to allow more income brackets and higher reimbursements. The problem is that as the population ages revenues from premiums are going down since people over a certain age pay less, even as they use more insurance. So where are they going to get the money to fund this new excessive medical expense system?

The provisional answer is something called the madoguchi futan (literally, “window burden”), a ¥100 fee that will be added to every doctor’s visit and paid by the patient. The Japan Medical Association has roundly condemned this fee, saying that it penalizes older people and others on fixed incomes, effectively widening the gap between rich and poor. In the long run, it will discourage lower income people from seeking medical help.

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